Perceptions of gender, violence and masculinity in Indonesian male youth04/1/16
Gender inequality is a prevalent issue in Indonesia, where harmful cultural norms and standards have persisted due to lack of governmental action. International and local initiatives are being taken to raise awareness, yet despite this, reforms have been slow to appear.
There is increasing recognition in Indonesian society, and globally, that women are not the only gender that suffer as a result of inequality; men too are trapped in a system that emphasises dominant masculinity and maintains a rigid definition of what it means to be ‘a man’.2 These normalised gender roles reinforce ideas of hegemonic masculinity, which are in turn exacerbated by patriarchal systems and institutions at both provincial and local levels. As long as these stereotypes remain prevalent, they will “significantly limit Indonesian women in reaching their full potential.